The 7th Texas Cavalry, is a group of Civil War re-enactors based in the Dallas-Ft. Worth area. Our historical impression is that of the 7th Texas Cavalry, a Confederate cavalry regiment that served in the Department of the Trans-Mississippi during the Civil War.
In battle, our mounted troops from Texas Military Department support our dismounted troops and, at times, dismount and fight beside them. We are proud to be one of the few cavalry units in Civil War re-enacting that consists of both mounted and dismounted troops who work together as one unit on the battlefield. This gives us the opportunity to present a unique cavalry impression that is not ordinarily seen at re-enactments.
It is our common goal as re-enactors to educate the general public about the events and the people who shaped the conduct and the final outcome of the Civil War. Presenting an authentic portrayal, on and off the field, is our mission.
A LITTLE HISTORY
When in camp, on the battlefield, or on the march, you will be portraying a member; either mounted or dismounted, of the 7th Texas Cavalry, with a distinguished record as one of the best fighting outfits raised in Texas during the war. A very brief history follows, highlighting the actions of the 7th Texas Cavalry.
The 7th Texas Cavalry has a very proud heritage. They were with Sibley's Brigade in the Confederate Army's push to wrest control of the Western United States from the Union Army in the autumn of 1861. In time the 7th Texas would turn to the eastern arena and participate in many battles. In the East, in the heat and smoke of fierce combat, it would emerge as one of the best mounted regiments in the CSA. Its Regimental Colonel, Arthur P. Bagby, was promoted to the rank of Brigadier General (see biographical sketch below). During the Civil War, many mounted regiments that began as cavalry were often, by command, unhorsed and made into infantry. Not so the 7th. This regiment entered the war horsed and ended the war horsed because of its exemplary performance in the field.
The 7th served proudly in both the East and West including the Red River Campaign, The Battle of Pleasant Hill, Mansfield and others.
The new recruits typically provided their own horses, tack, and weapons. At that time, swords were the exception; most carried a variety of pistols, shotarmss, and long rifles brought from home.
ARTHUR PENDLETON BAGBY
Upon the eruption of the Civil War he joined the Confederate Army and raised the first company of men from the Victoria area for the cause. He served as a major, Seventh Regiment of Texas Mounted Volunteers, in Gen. Henry H. Sibley's Army of New Mexico. He was promoted to lieutenant colonel in April 1862 and later to colonel. On January 1, 1863, he led his regiment in the battle of Galveston, in which his "Horse Marines" assisted in the capture of the federal ship Harriet Lane. In this encounter Bagby won, according to Gen. John B. Magruder, "imperishable renown." Bagby later served under generals Richard Taylor and Thomas Green in western Louisiana, where he was wounded in fighting along Bayou Teche on April 13, 1863. For his service in Louisiana E. Kirby Smith promoted him for gallantry in action to brigadier general in early 1864, although the rank was not approved in Richmond.
Nevertheless, Bagby's cavalry brigade, formerly Sibley's Brigade, in which Bagby served during the invasion of New Mexico in 1862, was one of the best mounted commands in the Trans-Mississippi Department. It consisted of the Fourth, Fifth, and Seventh Texas Cavalry and Waller's Thirteenth Texas Cavalry Battalion. In the Red River campaign at Mansfield and Pleasant Hill in 1864, Bagby also assumed command of Augustus C. Buchel's cavalry brigade, which consisted of the First and Thirty-fifth Texas Cavalry and Terrell's Texas Cavalry. Bagby commanded a brigade under Hamilton P. Bee in late April and early May 1864, before replacing Bee in command of the cavalry division in mid-May to harass the Union retreat. Following the surrenders of Lee and Johnston, E. Kirby Smith assigned Bagby to duty as major general on May 16, 1865. He was placed in command of all cavalry forces in Louisiana and held that post until the surrender of the Trans-Mississippi Department.
7th TEXAS CAVALRY CADET CORPS
To introduce the exciting world of Civil War re-enacting to young men ages 10 to 14 who are too young to be on the battlefield, the 7th Texas Cavalry is organizing a Cadet Corps. Membership in this group will provide them with a new and exciting activity and get them involved in re-enacting. Affordable uniforms are being designed. When complete, they will resemble uniforms used by cadets at West Point or VMI. In addition, members of the 7th Texas Cavalry will instruct these young men on how to be soldiers (drill, salute, battle skills, etc.). The cadets will be outfitted with wooden armss (at first) for the purpose of learning the manual of arms and staging mock skirmishes.